David Muñoz Carmona
Teri N. Kreisl, Lyndon Kim, Kraig Moore, Paul Duic, Cheryl Royce, Irene Stroud, Nancy Garren,Megan Mackey, John A. Butman, Kevin Camphausen, John Park, Paul S. Albert, and Howard A. Fine From the Neuro-Oncology Branch, Radiation Oncology Branch and BiometricBranch, National Cancer Institute; Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institutesof Neurological Disorders and Stroke; and the Department of Radiology,
the Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.Submitted January 25, 2008; accepted September 25, 2008; published online ahead of print at www.jco.org on December 29, 2008.
Authors’ disclosures of potential conflicts of interest and author contributions are found at the end of this article.
Clinical Trials repository link available on JCO.org.
A B S T R A C T
To evaluate single-agent activity of bevacizumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma.
Patients and Methods
Patients with recurrent glioblastoma were treated with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.After tumor progression, patients were immediately treated with bevacizumab in combination with irinotecan 340 mg/m2 or 125 mg/m2 every 2 weeks, depending on use of enzyme-inducingantiepileptic drugs. Complete patient evaluations were repeated every 4 weeks.
Forty-eight heavily pretreated patients were accrued to this study. Thromboembolic events
(12.5%), hypertension (12.5%), hypophosphatemia (6%), and thrombocytopenia (6%) were the most common drug-associated adverse events. Six patients (12.5%) were removed from study for drug-associated toxicity (five thromboembolic events, one bowel perforation). Thirty-four patients (71%) and 17 patients (35%) achieved radiographic response based on Levin and Macdonald criteria, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 16 weeks (95% CI, 12 to 26 weeks). The 6-month PFS was 29% (95% CI, 18% to 48%). The 6-month overall survival was 57%(95% CI, 44% to 75%). Median overall survival was 31 weeks (95% CI, 21 to 54 weeks). Early magnetic resonance imaging response (first 96 hours and 4 weeks) was predictive of long-term PFS, with the Levin criteria being more predictive than Macdonald criteria. Of 19 patients treated with bevacizumab plus irinotecan at progression, there were no objective radiographic responses.
Eighteen patients (95%) experienced disease progression by the second cycle, and the median PFS was 30 days.
We conclude that single-agent bevacizumab has significant biologic and antiglioma activity in patients with recurrent glioblastoma.
J Clin Oncol 27:740-745. Published by the American Society of Clinical Oncology